Entries by Claire Pennycuick

Effective studying for biology A-level

Tried and tested top tips for effective studying from teacher Beverley Goodger – winner of Biology Teacher of the Year, 2013. If you want to get the best possible results from your studying, remember the last four letters of the word RESULTS. U is for UNDERSTANDING Don’t just file your notes away until next lesson. […]

Stolen genes? DNA in ( and out of ) chloroplasts

Chloroplasts evolved from photosynthetic bacteria living inside the primitive ancestors of plant cells. Reflecting their origin, chloroplasts still resemble bacteria: they carry their own DNA and possess some of their original bacterial genes. Researchers have found, however, that most ‘chloroplast’ genes are no longer inside chloroplasts – during evolution, thousands of genes moved from chloroplast […]

Get the most from a lab placement

If you want to have a career in science, it’s a big help to have some experience on your CV when you complete your undergraduate degree. This helps you know what you want and don’t want in a job, and it helps show the potential employers that you’re keen on the subject and that you […]

Seeing without eyes – how plants learn from light

How can an organism with no eyes sense light? And how can they change their shape and metabolism in response? Yet that’s exactly what plants do – detecting the intensity, direction, duration and even colour of light, and using this information to regulate the activity in their cells. Plants use light to direct the growth […]

Get your writing right – symbols & units

If you’re writing a scientific paper, an essay or a report, you want to get it right. In science, it is important that we are able to present results in a way that minimises confusion. Scientists therefore adopt a common system for presenting data that is widely used and understood. This guide will: – help […]

Get that job – how to network

When you’re looking for that first job in science, or a summer vacation placement, networking can be the hidden factor that makes all the difference. But what is networking, and how do you do it? We’ve put together 5 top tips for people at the start of your science career. 1.    Be prepared and stay […]